الأسد

أشبال الأسود متى تتوقف الأسود عن رعايتها؟

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أشبال الأسود “الابن هو الابن حتى يتزوج زوجة ، والبنت هي ابنة طوال حياتها.” هذا القول المأثور القديم لم يتألف من الأسود ، لكنه صحيح إلى حد ما. قد تنضم إناث الأشبال إلى الفخر في مرحلة البلوغ ، لكن الذكور الصغار يجبرون على الخروج بمفردهم. تتوقف الأسود عن رعاية صغارها قبل فترة طويلة من مغادرة أي مراهق الكبرياء.

لمعرفة المزيد:

معلومات عن الأسد الإفريقي

الكبرياء

تتكون فخر الأسد من حوالي 20 أنثى ، كثير منهن من الأقارب ، جنبًا إلى جنب مع ذكر واحد أو اثنين. يعيش الجزء الأنثوي من الكبرياء معًا طوال حياتهم البالغة ، لكن الذكور يأتي ويذهب ، ويحل محله الذكور الأصغر سنًا والأقوى. تتكاثر الأسود في أي وقت من السنة. يستمر حمل أنثى الأسد حوالي أربعة أشهر تتراوح من 100 إلى 120 يومًا. الإناث تقوم “بنصيب الأسد” من رعاية الشبل.

وصول شبل

عندما يدخل أسد في المخاض ، تفصل نفسها عن الكبرياء وتلد في عرين خاص ، ينتج بشكل عام ثلاثة إلى ستة أشبال. بعد شهرين ، أعادت الأشبال إلى الكبرياء ، وتربيتهم مع الأمهات والأبناء الآخرين. الأشبال المرضعة في خطر من الأسود الذكور الأخرى في الكبرياء ، الذين قد يقتلون الأشبال التي لم ينجبوها. ومع ذلك ، فإن أمهاتهم يقاتلون من أجلهم ، مما يؤدي أحيانًا إلى وفاتهم. الإناث التي تفقد صغارها تدخل بسرعة دورة حرارة جديدة ، لذا من المحتمل أن تتكاثر مع الذكر الذي قتل آخر فضلاتها.

إقرأ أيضا:هل الفهود تصطاد أم تقتل البشر؟

تربية أشبال الأسود

الأشبال حديثي الولادة عاجزون تمامًا. لا تفتح عيونهم حتى يبلغوا من العمر من أسبوعين إلى ثلاثة أسابيع ، في نفس الوقت الذي يبدأون فيه المشي تقريبًا. في عمر 4 أسابيع ، يمكنهم الجري. يبدأ الأسد الأم في تعليم أشبالها الصيد عندما يبلغون من العمر ثلاثة أشهر تقريبًا. يرافقونها في رحلات الصيد – نادرًا ما يصطاد ذكور الأسود في فخر – حيث يشاهدها الأشبال وهي تركز على إنزال لعبة قديمة ضعيفة.

أشبال الأسود بمفردهم

بين سن 6 و 10 أشهر ، يتم فطام الأشبال. فقط لأنهم لم يعودوا يرضعون لا يعني أنهم تركوا الكبرياء. لا يزالون يعتمدون على أمهم وفخرهم في الكثير من قوتهم ، ويتشاركون الفريسة التي يقتلها أعضاء آخرون. بحلول الوقت الذي يتراوح فيه عمر الأشبال بين 16 و 18 شهرًا ، من المحتمل أن تكون والدتهم حاملاً بالقمامة التالية. المراهقات إما أن يصبحن جزءًا من فخر الأم ، أو يشكلن فخرًا جديدًا مع المراهقات الأخريات اللائي عرفنهن معظم حياتهن. يستمر المراهقون الذكور حتى سن 3 سنوات ، وعند هذه النقطة إما أن يتفخروا بالأسد الضعيف والشيخوخة ، أو يبدأون كبريائهم مع الإناث من نفس العمر.00:3101:42

إقرأ أيضا:7 أنواع من التماسيح التي تشكل خطورة على البشر
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  1. التنبيهات : ماذا تأكل الأسود؟ | عالم الحيوانات

  2. التنبيهات : تكيفات أسد الجبل للعيش في الصحراء | عالم الحيوانات

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