الأفاعي

أفعى الجرسية الغربية : الوصف والنظام الغذائي والتكاثر

مظهر

المقاييس الرئيسية للأفعى الجرسية الغربية ذات الظهر الماسي عادة ما تكون رمادية-بنية اللون على الرغم من أنها في بعض الأحيان بني مائل للوردي أو أحمر قرميدي أو مصفر أو وردي أو أبيض طباشيري. توجد هذه البقع خلف البقع ذات الشكل الماسي والتي تكون ملونة من الرمادي الداكن إلى البني. هناك ما يقرب من 24-25 من هذه البقع على الجسم. قد تبدأ هذه على شكل مستطيلات تصبح مستطيلة ببطء ثم تتحول إلى ماسات تحمل الاسم نفسه. لون البطن أبيض مصفر. هذا النوع له لسان أسود متشعب.

الأفاعي الجرسية الغربية ذات الرأس الثلاثي الشكل. يمتد من الحافة السفلية للعين عبر الرأس الشريط الخلفي للعين الذي يتلون باللون الدخاني أو الرمادي الداكن البني.

كأفعى حفرة لديهم حفرة بين عيونهم. هذا يستشعر حرارة جسم الفريسة حتى يتمكنوا من العثور عليها بشكل أفضل.

يمكن العثور على حشرجة الموت المميزة في نهاية ذيلهم. يتكون هذا من اثنين إلى ثمانية نطاقات ملونة باللون الأبيض ويتخللها اللون الأبيض أو الرمادي الباهت. تتشكل حشرجة الموت عندما تتساقط نتيجة عدم سقوط الأجزاء القليلة الأخيرة من القشور. لا تحتوي الأفاعي الجرسية حديثة الولادة على حشرجة الموت.

أكبر تقرير مؤكد عن أفعى جرسية خلفية غربية بقياس 213 سم (7 أقدام). الحجم الأكثر شيوعًا لهذا النوع يبلغ طوله 120 سم (4 قدم). وزنها يتراوح بين 1.8 و 2.7 كجم (4-6 أرطال).

إقرأ أيضا:اناكوندا الخضراء : الوصف والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

حمية

الأفاعي الجرسية الغربية من الحيوانات آكلة اللحوم. تتغذى على الفئران والجرذان والأرانب والغوفر والطيور التي تعيش على الأرض والسحالي والحيوانات الصغيرة الأخرى. السحالي هي مصدر الغذاء السائد للأفاعي الجرسية الصغيرة. يتم تناول الطعام مرة كل أسبوعين إلى ثلاثة أسابيع. يبتلع الطعام كله.

عند عض الفريسة ، ليس من غير المألوف أن تتعثر أنيابها وتخرج. يتم استبدال هذه 2 إلى 4 مرات في السنة.

هذه الحيوانات لديها حاجة منخفضة للغاية من الغذاء. تناولهم يعادل وزنهم كل عام. تأتي معظم مياههم من فرائسهم.

نطاق

أمريكا الشمالية هي الموطن الأصلي للأفعى الجرسية الغربية. يمكن العثور عليها هنا في جميع أنحاء المكسيك وولايات نيفادا وأريزونا وكاليفورنيا ونيو مكسيكو وأوكلاهوما وتكساس في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية.

الموطن

هنا يسكنون المناطق الجافة والصخرية مثل الأراضي العشبية والشجيرات والأراضي الحرجية وأحواض الأنهار الجافة والجزر الساحلية التي توفر شقوقًا صخرية وحفرًا يمكنهم الاختباء فيها. قد يستخدمون أيضًا الألغام المهجورة أو الجحور القديمة للثدييات الصغيرة كمكان للاختباء.

التكاثر

يكون موسم تكاثر الأفعى الجرسية الغربية في الربيع بعد السبات. ستبقى الأنثى ثابتة بينما يقوم الذكر بالاقتراب ويتم التزاوج. سوف يقضون عدة ساعات معًا في التزاوج عدة مرات خلال هذا.

إقرأ أيضا:وصف ومعلومات عن السلحفاة الحمراء القدمين

بعد 165 يومًا من التزاوج الناجح يولد الصغار. قد يولد من 10 إلى 20 شابًا. على عكس الثعابين الأخرى ، يتطور هذا النوع داخل الأم ثم يخرج من بيضته قبل الولادة مباشرة ويولد حيًا. بعد ساعتين فقط ، يذهب الصغار بمفردهم للبحث عن الطعام والمأوى.

قلة قليلة من الشباب ستنجو في أول شتاء لها بسبب البرد ونقص الطعام والافتراس. أولئك الذين يفعلون ذلك سيصلون إلى مرحلة النضج الجنسي في سن 3 سنوات وسيكونون قادرين على الاستمرار في إنتاج صغارهم.

السلوك

يتم افتراس الأفاعي الجرسية ذات الظهر الماسي الغربي من قبل الصقور والنسور وسائقي الطرق والأفاعي الملوك والقيوط والقطط والثعالب والثعابين الأخرى. ستدوس الأبقار والظباء والغزلان والخيول هذه الثعابين إذا كانت مهددة من قبلهم. في حالة التهديد ، سيحاولون استخدام حشرجة الموت لإخافة الحيوانات المفترسة حتى يتمكنوا من إنقاذ سمومهم. إذا لم ينجح هذا ، فسوف يضربون رغم ذلك.

إقرأ أيضا:السلحفاة الخضراء : الوصف والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

تنخرط الثعابين في نسختها الخاصة من السبات المعروف باسم التخمير حيث ينخفض ​​معدل الأيض والنشاط.

خلال الصيف عندما تكون الأيام دافئة تكون ليلية. مع اقتراب الخريف والشتاء ، يبدأون في أن يصبحوا أكثر نشاطًا في الفترات المتأخرة والمبكرة من اليوم.

سمهم ليس شديد السمية عند مقارنته بالسموم الأخرى. لديهم أنظمة توصيل رائعة تسمح لهم بحقن الكثير دفعة واحدة. لا يستخدم السم فقط للدفاع بالرغم من ذلك. يتم استخدامه في الهضم لتفتيت الجلد والأعضاء الداخلية للفريسة.

حقائق سريعة

قد تتحرك الخشخشة على هذا الثعبان ذهابًا وإيابًا حتى 60 مرة في ثانية واحدة فقط.

يُشار أيضًا إلى الأفاعي الجرسية الغربية ذات الظهر الماسي على أنها ثعابين من الطوب اللبن ، وظهر الماس الصحراوي ، والأفعى الجرسية الشرسة ، والأفعى الجرسية المبصمة ، والأفعى الجرسية في تكساس.

السابق
وصف و معلومات قبل شراء القط الحبشي
التالي
الحرباء المحجبة : الموطن والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

3٬165 تعليق

أضف تعليقا

  1. playi.xyz قال:

    I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your blog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?
    A few of my blog visitors have complained about my website not
    working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera.

    Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?

  2. I just like the valuable information you supply in your articles.

    I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here regularly.
    I am quite sure I’ll be told lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  3. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.

    I will be sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of
    your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  4. JordanAvapy قال:

    sildenafil without a doctor’s prescription https://medrxfast.com/# ed meds online without doctor prescription

  5. betfocus قال:

    Post writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with then you can write if not it is difficult to write.

  6. razzbets قال:

    If some one desires expert view on the topic of running a blog afterward i advise
    him/her to pay a visit this website, Keep up the pleasant job.

  7. I do not even know the way I ended up right here, but
    I thought this post was once great. I don’t know who you might be but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger in the event you aren’t
    already. Cheers!

  8. If you want to improve your knowledge just keep visiting this site and be updated
    with the most recent news update posted here.

  9. I don’t normally comment on blogs.. But nice post! I just bookmarked your site

  10. Hey I am so delighted I found your site, I really found you by error,
    while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now
    and would just like to say kudos for a tremendous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time
    to read through it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also included your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal
    more, Please do keep up the excellent work.

  11. Great write-up, I am a big believer in placing comments on sites to inform the blog writers know that they’ve added something advantageous to the world wide web!

  12. Tootcirm قال:

    can you buy real viagra online viagra very cheap generic viagra

  13. Hello Dear, are you in fact visiting this web page
    on a regular basis, if so afterward you will definitely obtain nice experience.

  14. It is perfect time to make a few plans for the future and it is time
    to be happy. I’ve learn this submit and if I could I
    desire to counsel you few attention-grabbing issues or tips.
    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to
    this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  15. Public policy is key here, and our states need to develop some strategies – – soon.

  16. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everybody else experiencing problems with your website.
    It seems like some of the written text on your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and
    let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could
    be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen previously.

    Appreciate it

  17. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to
    be mindful of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while folks think
    about worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest and also outlined out
    the entire thing with no need side effect , other people could
    take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thank you

  18. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it
    but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some suggestions for
    your blog you might be interested in hearing.

    Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  19. Hi this is kind of of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding know-how so I
    wanted to get guidance from someone with experience.
    Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  20. You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the best blogs on the internet.
    I will recommend this website!

  21. kgtaxi.ru قال:

    Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links
    or maybe guest writing a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same
    topics as yours and I think we could greatly benefit
    from each other. If you’re interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Fantastic blog by the way!

  22. I wanted to thank you for this good read!! I certainly loved
    every little bit of it. I have got you book marked
    to look at new stuff you post…

  23. I loved your idea there, I tell you blogs are so exciting sometimes like looking into people’s private life’s and work. Every new remark wonderful in its own right.

  24. Such an amazing blog! Very informative!

  25. These are some of the most important issues we’ll face over the next few decades.

  26. It’s really very complex in this full of activity life
    to listen news on Television, therefore I simply use world wide web for that purpose, and obtain the
    newest information.

  27. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to
    my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for
    quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog
    and I look forward to your new updates.

  28. ThomasWails قال:

    paxil bipolar paxil 5 mg

  29. There’s certainly a lot to know about this issue. I love all of
    the points you’ve made.

  30. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time
    a comment is added I get several emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Appreciate it!

  31. I’m gone to say to my little brother, that he should also pay a quick
    visit this blog on regular basis to get updated from latest information.

  32. Regards for helping out, superb info.

  33. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after looking at a few of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m definitely happy I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking
    it and checking back often!

  34. each time i used to read smaller articles or reviews which also clear
    their motive, and that is also happening with this paragraph which I am
    reading at this place.

  35. These kind of posts are always inspiring and I prefer to read quality content so I happy to find many good point here in the post. writing is simply wonderful! thank you for the post

  36. Thanks for sharing the information. I found the information very useful. That’s a awesome story you posted. I will come back to scan some more.

  37. I feel that is among the so much significant info for me. And i am satisfied studying your article. However should commentary on some basic issues, The site style is ideal, the articles is in reality excellent : D. Excellent activity, cheers

  38. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site thus
    i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find
    things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  39. Ahaa, its pleasant discussion concerning this post here at this blog, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this
    place.

  40. I am really thankful to the holder of this site who has shared this wonderful paragraph at at this
    time.

  41. I’m not positive where you are getting your information, but great topic.
    I must spend a while finding out more or
    figuring out more. Thanks for magnificent information I was on the lookout
    for this information for my mission.

  42. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly
    enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to
    your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  43. leer mas قال:

    Simply want to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  44. Took me time to read the material, but I truly loved the article. It turned out to be very useful to me.

  45. Spot on with this write-up, I actually assume this website needs far more consideration. I will in all probability be once more to learn rather more, thanks for that info.

  46. POV Porno قال:

    I really believe you will do well in the future I appreciate everything you have added to my knowledge base.

  47. cooe قال:

    I really like your writing style, excellent info , thanks for putting up : D.

  48. Stainima قال:

    steroid inhalers for asthma viagra ventolin for sale

  49. Great blog right here! You seem to put a significant amount of material on the site rather quickly.

  50. My issues have been very similar, with my family. But, we made some different decisions. It’s complex.

  51. I am glad to be a visitor on this website!, regards for this rare information!

  52. Ready2Go Dumpsters is the leading provider in dumpster rentals in south Florida. Our team of professionals offer dumpster rentals for large construction and renovation projects, small businesses, and smaller dumpsters for local residents. If you find that you need a roll-off dumpster, Ready2Go Dumpsters has a variety of options to get rid of your waste responsibly. We’ll help you find the perfect size dumpster rental for your needs, order it, and schedule the delivery. Fill up the dumpster and we’ll take care of the rest.

  53. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems
    locating it but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got
    some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested
    in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing
    it develop over time.

  54. American Crisis Prevention and Management Association Management of Assaultive Behavior (MAB) certification course can be conveniently done online or in the classroom. Also known as AB 508 certification training, mab certification online or managing aggressive behavior is a training for healthcare professionals, teachers, law enforcement agents., and other individuals that come in contact with potential aggression. Nurses, doctors and other healthcare professionals receive CE credits at the end of the course. Enroll now at https://crisispreventionmanagement.com/mab-management-of-assaultive-behavior

  55. Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give
    a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through
    your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that
    deal with the same subjects? Thanks for your time!

  56. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you really recognize what you’re speaking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Please additionally talk over with my site =).
    We can have a hyperlink exchange arrangement among us

  57. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find
    It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  58. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and
    it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or tips.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!

  59. We’re a gaggle of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.

    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on.
    You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community might be thankful to you.

  60. MivyWhivy قال:

    Viagra guide goes into more detail on the main advantages and disadvantages of both medications, from effectiveness to side effects, ease of use, safety and more purchase cialis online cheap Se la dose massima tollerata ГЁ stata superata, deve essere somministrato un trattamento sintomatico

  61. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank
    for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good
    results. If you know of any please share. Thank you!

  62. I know this is not exactly on topic, but i have a blog using the blogengine platform as well and i’m having issues with my comments displaying. is there a setting i am forgetting? maybe you could help me out? thank you.