الطيور

اضطرابات العين الشائعة عند الطيور

Birds

اضطرابات عين الطيور

يمكن أن تعاني الطيور من العديد من اضطرابات العين المختلفة. يمكن أن تكون بسبب إصابة في العين ، أو ربما عدوى في المنطقة. من حين لآخر ، تعتبر اضطرابات العين أعراضًا لمشكلة طبية أساسية أخرى. لذلك ، إذا كان طائرك يعاني من مشكلة في العين ، فيجب اعتبارها خطيرة ويجب عليك استشارة الطبيب البيطري لاستبعاد أي مرض داخلي كبير.

تقشر الوجه أو عث الساق في الطيور

الأعراض والأنواع

التهاب الملتحمة ، وهو اضطراب شائع في العين ، يحدث عادة بسبب البكتيريا ويمكن تحديده على أنه جفون حمراء ومنتفخة ، وقد يؤدي إلى حساسية للضوء (تجنب الضوء) في الطيور. يعد التهاب الملتحمة أيضًا أحد أعراض العديد من المشكلات الطبية الأخرى ، بما في ذلك التهابات الجهاز التنفسي.

يسبب التهاب القزحية التهاب الأجزاء الداخلية للعين. ومع ذلك ، فإنه يرتبط عادة بأعراض أمراض داخلية أخرى في الطيور. يجب معالجة هذا الاضطراب الخاص بسرعة لتجنب تشكل إعتام عدسة العين.

يتطور إعتام عدسة العين في عين الطائر عندما يكون هناك نقص في فيتامين E ، أو عدوى بالتهاب الدماغ والنخاع ، أو حتى من التعرض المستمر لبعض الأضواء الاصطناعية.

إقرأ أيضا:تساقط الشعر عند القطط (الثعلبة)

مرض ماريك هو نوع معين من اضطرابات العين التي تسببها عدوى فيروسية. يمكن أن تؤدي هذه الحالة الطبية إلى عدم انتظام حدقة العين ، ومشاكل قزحية العين ، والعمى ، ويمكن أن تتطور إلى سرطان. يمكن أن يمنع التطعيم حدوث اضطراب العين. ومع ذلك ، لا يمكن علاج الطائر المصاب بالفعل بالفيروس.

جدري الطيور هو اضطراب آخر يصيب العين ويصيب الطيور وينتج عن عدوى فيروسية. على الرغم من أنه مرض معمم ، إلا أن أعراض العين تشمل تورم الجفون مع تكوينات تشبه البثور ، وفقدان جزئي أو كلي للرؤية. ومع ذلك ، فإن مقلة العين لا تتأثر بالعدوى وعادة ما تعود الرؤية بعد علاج العدوى.

تدلي التنفيس في الطيور

أسباب اضطرابات العين الشائعة عند الطيور

تحدث العديد من اضطرابات العين بسبب الالتهابات البكتيرية (مثل السالمونيلا). تسبب هذه البكتيريا المعينة كلاً من التهاب الملتحمة والتهاب العين – التهاب مع صديد في مقلة العين والملتحمة – واحتمال العمى. بالإضافة إلى ذلك ، السالمونيلا معدية وغالبًا ما تنتقل من الوالدين إلى طائرك ، أو وراثيًا عبر صفار البيض.

يمكن أن تؤدي الالتهابات الفطرية للعين أيضًا إلى اضطرابات في عين الطيور ، عادةً بسبب العلف المتعفن. أحد الفطريات الشائعة ، الرشاشيات ، يصيب الجهاز التنفسي للطائر ، ولكن يمكن أن يؤثر أيضًا على المخ والعينين. تظهر على العين المصابة لويحات صفراء تحت الجفن. ستصاب العين أيضًا بالتهاب ، وإذا تركت دون علاج ، فقد تؤدي هذه العدوى إلى تلف شديد في العين.

إقرأ أيضا:عدوى فيروس الجدري في الطيور وكيفية الوقاية منها

نقص الفيتامينات هو سبب آخر لاضطرابات العين عند الطيور. على سبيل المثال ، يمكن أن يؤدي نقص فيتامين (E) لدى الوالدين إلى ولادة كتكوت كفيف. وفيتامين (أ) مطلوب من أجل التصبغ المناسب وتمزق العيون. لمنع مثل هذا النقص ، أعط طائرك علفًا تجاريًا.

علاج

إذا أظهر طائرك علامات عدم الراحة أو أعراض أي اضطراب في العين مثل إغلاق العينين أو الانتفاخ أو الاحمرار أو إفراز مادة أو رمش العين أكثر من المعتاد – فتأكد من فحص الطائر من قبل الطبيب البيطري للعلاج الفوري . يمكن أن تساعد قطرات المضادات الحيوية أو الأدوية الأخرى في التعامل مع اضطراب العين في مرحلة مبكرة.

وقاية

تعتمد الوقاية من أنواع معينة من اضطرابات العين على الأعراض الموجودة في الطيور. لكن التدخل الطبي في الوقت المناسب يمكن أن ينقذ الطائر من المعاناة وكذلك أي ضرر خطير للعين.

نقص فيتامين أ في الطيور

السابق
كنكاج : حيوان ثديي شجري صغير بعيون كبيرة
التالي
وصف والسلوك والنظام الغذائي للقرش الأزرق

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