التمساح

التمساح الفلبيني : الموطن والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

المظهر

يعد التمساح الفلبيني أحد أنواع التماسيح الأصغر التي يصل طولها إلى 3 أمتار (10 أقدام). تأتي الإناث أصغر قليلاً من الذكور. قد يصل وزن الذكور إلى 190 كجم (420 رطلاً) بينما يصل وزن الإناث فقط إلى حوالي 90 كجم (200 رطل).

في هذا النوع يكون الخطم عريضًا جدًا. لديهم عاطفة ظهرية ثقيلة. يتراوح عدد أسنانهم بين 66 و 68. وهي تتساقط بانتظام مع نمو أسنان جديدة.

لونها بني ذهبي يزداد قتامة مع نموها.

الحمية

التماسيح الفلبينية من الحيوانات آكلة اللحوم. تتغذى على الأسماك والروبيان والقواقع وسرطان البحر والصغيرة الثدييات ، الطيور و الثعابين .

نطاق

إنهم يعيشون حول الجزر التي تشكل الفلبين.

الموطن

إنهم يصنعون منازلهم على الشواطئ الساحلية ومصبات الأنهار. تشكل مناطق المياه العذبة معظم موطنها. قد تشمل هذه البحيرات والبرك الصغيرة والأنهار الصغيرة والمستنقعات.

تشير بعض التقديرات إلى أن 100 فقط من هذه الحيوانات بقيت في

التكاثر

خلال موسم الجفاف ، تبدأ الأنثى في بناء عش باستخدام أوراق الشجر والأغصان والتربة. يُحمل البيض في بطن الأنثى لمدة 2-3 أشهر قبل أن يودع في العش. يتناوب كل من الذكر والأنثى لمشاهدة العش.

إقرأ أيضا:وصف ومعلومات عن سحلية اللسان الأزرق الشرقي

بعد 65-85 يومًا يفقس الشباب. ستقضي الأم وقتًا في رعاية صغارها.

مثل العديد من التمساحيات الأخرى ، فإنهم دليل على أن جنس بيض التماسيح الفلبينية يتم تحديده حسب العمر الذي يتم فيه الحضانة.

يتم بلوغ النضج عند 1.5 متر (4.9 قدم) بمتوسط ​​وزن 15 كجم (33 رطلاً) في هذا الوقت.

إقرأ أيضا:سلحفاة النهر : الوصف والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

السلوك

خلال النهار ، تستريح التماسيح الفلبينية في الشمس لتدفئها. عندما تصبح ساخنة جدًا ، تفتح فمها مما يساعد على إطلاق بعض الحرارة.

يمكن أن تطفو هذه التماسيح على سطح الماء. للتحكم في الطفو ، يمكنهم تناول الأحجار.

حقائق سريعة

يُعرف التمساح الفلبيني أيضًا باسم تمساح ميندورو.

تم تصنيف تمساح الفلبين حتى وقت قريب على أنه نوع فرعي من تمساح غينيا الجديدة.

من غير القانوني قتل التمساح الفلبيني منذ عام 2001 في نطاقه الطبيعي.

السابق
معلومات وحقائق عن السلحفاة ذات العنق الأفعى
التالي
وصف ومعلومات عن حرباء النمر

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