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تساقط الشعر لدى الأرانب

الأرانب والثعلبة

الثعلبة هي النقص الكامل أو الجزئي للشعر في المناطق التي يتواجد فيها الشعر بشكل طبيعي. غالبًا ما يكون هذا الاضطراب الشائع في الأرانب من أعراض سبب آخر ، مثل العدوى أو الصدمة أو اضطراب المناعة. بالنسبة للأرانب ، لا يوجد عمر أو سلالة أو جنس محدد أكثر عرضة لهذا الاضطراب.

الأعراض والأنواع

العلامة الأولية لتساقط الشعر هي تساقط الشعر بشكل غير عادي. قد تتطور الأعراض فجأة أو ببطء. قد يساعد النمط الدقيق لتساقط الشعر ودرجته في تحديد سبب الثعلبة ، وتحديد الحالة على أنها أولية (حدثت من تلقاء نفسها) أو ثانوية (حدثت بسبب مرض آخر).

الأسباب

ترتبط الثعلبة بنوع من اضطراب نمو بصيلات الشعر. قد ينتج هذا عن عدد من الأسباب ، بما في ذلك العدوى الطفيلية (مثل البراغيث أو عث الأذن) ، أو الأمراض المعدية (مثل العدوى البكتيرية) ، أو خلل في التغذية (خاصة نقص البروتين) ، أو أسباب ورمية (وجود مجموعات غير طبيعية من نمو الخلايا ، مثل الورم). أيضًا ، إذا كانت هناك مناطق متعددة من تساقط الشعر (متعدد البؤر) ، فإنه غالبًا ما يرتبط بعدوى طفيلية أو بكتيرية.

في بعض الحالات ، قد تكون الثعلبة نتيجة لمشكلة سلوكية تُعرف باسم “الحلاقة”. هذا هو المكان الذي يمضغ فيه الأرنب المهيمن أو يسحب الشعر من زميله في القفص ؛ يظهر تساقط الشعر في الغالب على الأجنحة. يمكن أن تحدث الثعلبة بسبب أنماط التساقط الطبيعية ، خاصة في السلالات مثل القزم ، ولوب المصغر ، والأنجورا.

إقرأ أيضا:وصف ومعلومات قبل شراء قط ضباب استرالي

التشخيص

إذا كانت الثعلبة ظاهرة ، فهناك عدد من الإجراءات التشخيصية التي يمكن القيام بها لتحديد السبب. يمكن إجراء خزعة وكشط للجلد لاستبعاد أي عدوى بكتيرية أو طفيلية أو فطرية. تشمل الاختبارات الإضافية التي يمكن إجراؤها تحليل البول وفحوصات الدم والأشعة السينية.

علاج او معاملة

يعتمد العلاج والأدوية الموصوفة تحديدًا على السبب الكامن وراء تساقط الشعر. تتوفر الأدوية لعلاج الطفيليات مثل عث الأذن أو البراغيث ، وكذلك الأدوية لعلاج الالتهابات البكتيرية. بالطبع ، إذا كان السبب أكثر خطورة ، مثل ما يتعلق بالورم ، فقد يكون من الضروري اتخاذ إجراءات أكثر صرامة ، مثل العلاج الكيميائي.

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رعاية

تعتمد رعاية المتابعة بعد العلاج الأولي على أسباب تساقط الشعر. في حالة الاشتباه في أن الثعلبة ناتجة عن “حلاق” ، يجب فصل الأرانب لتجنب الحوادث المستقبلية.

الوقاية

نظرًا لوجود العديد من الأسباب التي تؤدي إلى الإصابة بالثعلبة ، فلا يمكن التوصية بأي طريقة وقائية محددة. ومع ذلك ، قد يكون اتباع نمط حياة صحي ونظام غذائي متوازن يحتوي على كمية كافية من البروتين والنظافة العامة لموائل الأرانب مفيدة في تجنب تساقط الشعر غير الضروري.

السابق
نزيف من أنف للأرانب
التالي
ثعبان كوبرا الملك : الموطن والنظام الغذائي والسلوك

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